The year 2018 will undoubtedly remain the year of apprenticeship and vocational training. The big big bang promised by the government on reform may actually happen. With 15 billion on the table, and a spectacular desire to train, would the new law make it possible to achieve the objective set by François Hollande and Thierry Repentin, his Minister Delegate for Apprenticeship, during a trip to the Faculty of Crafts in Evry on 17 September 2012? Today, we are still far from that. Despite the support measures taken by previous governments, this sector is struggling with barely 421,700 apprentices, while François Hollande wanted 500,000. This represents 7% of young people aged 16 to 25. The current government is targeting 15% of apprentices, as in other European countries.
Regarding the 15 billion euros promised by Edouard Philippe for vocational training, where will they come from and what will they allow?
The €15 billion will be spread over the period 2018-2022 and will be devoted to raising the skills level of those furthest from employment and €6.7 billion to the 800,000 young dropouts. « If we can get 300,000 people back on the path to sustainable employment (150,000 young dropouts and 150,000 unemployed, editor’s note), it will be a good start, » says Jean Pisani-Ferry, the economist in charge of developing the plan.
In parallel, the youth guarantee scheme should be extended, so that at least 100,000 young people in precarious situations are cared for each year. However, will Training Organisations and CFAs be able to handle this flow of new learners? Since the financing of the latter will be provided for in the contract, one can imagine the motivation they will have to recruit. However, there are many fears about this increase in numbers, and in particular about the proper care of rural CFAs.
The effects of this massive influx of students could undoubtedly be mitigated by the contribution of digital tools, and in particular a part of distance learning.
According to OPCALIA, in conclusion to its national survey on the digitisation of CFAs, 90% of them use one or more digital tools in their teaching methods. 65% of CFAs say they « have projects » in this field and 10% of CFAs do not use any digital tools.
« Digital transformation is a real challenge for the budget forecast on apprentice flows »
« It makes it possible to reach a wider audience, to improve the visibility of training through learning for future candidates and their families »
« Fun aspect of learning, interest and participation of apprentices in tools using the logic of online ».
« FFFOD, the Forum of Digital Training Stakeholders, of which Skillogs is a member, has published a guide to the digitisation of CFAs. This 48-page guide explains in particular the advantages of digitising courses, the opportunities and precautions to be taken when integrating distance learning into a course, and the obstacles. »
« The desire for reform sought by Edouard Philippe’s government clearly goes hand in hand with a European desire to remove the obstacles to a strong promotion of apprenticeship, and there is little doubt that the figures for vocational training will increase. »
« The word could now come from the apprentices, who remain the main stakeholders. The ANAF (Association Nationale des Apprentis de France), which represents 900 of them, expressed two types of concern. First, the encouragement of CFAs to recruit apprentices, which could, as a corollary, generate more numerous incidents with employers, in proportion, and whose resolution could be more difficult, due to the very fact that CFAs are encouraged to hire. The start of the school year is also worrying, particularly because of « empty » periods between a high school or a middle school diploma, and the obtaining of an apprenticeship contract in January the following year for example. »
Skillogs, for its part, wishes to support this reform with ACARYA, by providing tools to support the foreseeable increase in apprentices, while allowing a winning digitalisation
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- A quoi vont servir les 15 milliards pour la formation ?
- Frayeur sur l’apprentissage, les CFA ruraux en danger
- Un enjeu stratégique pour 87 CFA
- Guide pratique de mise en œuvre d’une FOAD
- Objectif : 500 000 jeunes en contrat d’apprentissage
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